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Athletic Trainer:

Enrique Ochoa, MSEd, LAT, ATC

Phone: 1-505-890-0343 Ext. 37085


Athletic Training

Sports Medicine


Please contact the Athletic Trainer Mr. Ochoa at and your coach to receive information on how to turn in the 20-21 NMAA Pre-participation waiver packet, physical, and/or NFHS concussion certificate.

It is required for students to be cleared for any out-of-season or in-season participation by the athletic trainer.

Physicals dated after April 1, 2019 used for participation during the 2019-2020 school will be valid for returning athletes during the 2020-2021 school year provided the following:

1.  A copy of the NMAA physical form is on file with the school.

2.  An NMAA 2020-2021 Preparticipation Examination Waiver Form Packet is completed with required signatures and questionnaire meets criteria for participation

      Question 1: A "NO" response requires an updated physical exam using the NMAA physical form

      Questions 2-4: Any "YES" response requires an updated physical exam using the NMAA physical form       

      Questions 5-10: Any "YES" response requires written clearance from an approved health care provider

          o If a student does not meet the criteria above, a physical examination using the NMAA physical form dated after April 1, 2020 is required for participation.

          o The NMAA Concussion in Sports - A Fact Sheet for Parents and Athletes remains a required document and is included with both the participation examination waiver form and physical form referenced above

Return to Play Criteria

If a diagnosis of a concussion or concussion like symptoms are made by the Athletic Trainer or your Medical Provider, Once they are cleared, either by the Athletic Trainer or your medical provider, your athlete will then will have to go through the Return to Play Criteria once they are ASYMPTOMATIC for 24 hours.  The return to play criteria does not start at the onset of the injury. This process takes a week to perform and it is a gradual physical exertion test to see if the symptoms or signs of a concussion come back. For a further explanation please do not hesitate to ask me about the Return to Play Criteria or click on the link in the concussion guidelines for the NFHS box below.

National Federation of High School Sports Concussion Management Guidelines

Nutrition Guidelines for Practice and Pregame:

Nutrition is often overlooked as a potential competitive edge possibly because it is poorly understood.  It has been shown that proper eating before exercise improves performance. It is also important to be well hydrated before the exercise session. Too many high school athletes head off to school without eating breakfast, lunch may be a slice of pizza.  At this point they, with very little fuel in their system, they are not prepared to be their best at game time or even practice.  

Some signs that an athlete may not be eating enough to fuel their performance are:

  • Difficulty paying attention in practice or in a game.
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue before the practice or games have been completed.
  • Injury or frequent illness.

Nutrition Tips

To help athletes achieve peak performance it is important to promote healthy eating and adequate fluid intake. Encourage athletes to take time to eat breakfast everyday. Remind your athletes that lunch for many of them will be their pre-game meal and to eat accordingly. And for some athletes, lunch may be as early as 10:30 in the morning and they may not be eating again until after practice or after the game. The size of the meal or snack eaten before exercise is important because adequate time is needed for digestion.  A meal or snack that is high in protein and/or fat will take longer to digest. Years ago a typical pre-game meal was steak and eggs which is mostly protein and fat. Many studies have confirmed an ideal pre-game meal should be predominantly carbohydrate.  Eating foods high in carbohydrate can maintain blood glucose levels during exercise and provide fuel for the exercise session. The closer it gets to game time or practice, the smaller the meal or snack should be.

The body must have the proper fuel for peak performance; there are no substitutes for good nutrition.  Some athletes may be tempted to try an energy drink as a quick pick me up before they compete. There are no quick fixes, including energy drinks, for not eating and drinking adequately during the day.  Keep in mind some of these energy drinks may be too high in caffeine to be considered a healthy choice (have your athletes read the label).  They should not take the place of healthy meals and adequate fluids during the day.

Pre-Game Nutrition Guidelines:

4 or more hours before game:

  • Sandwich with lean meat such as turkey or ham, fresh fruit or juice, lowfat milk or lowfat yogurt.

3 hours before game:

  • Fruit or juice, bagel or toast with a little peanut butter, light cream cheese or margarine or cereal with lowfat milk and fruit.

1-2 hours before game:

  • Fresh fruit or fruit juice or a sports beverage.

Foods higher in fat and protein such as steak and eggs, pizza, nachos, and hot dogs will leave the stomach very slowly and be unavailable for fuel during exercise and should be avoided immediately before exercise.

To help keep athletes well hydrated, encourage them to:

  • Stop at the drinking fountain between classes.
  • Bring a water bottle to school and to practice so that they may take frequent water breaks.
  • Drink fluids with their breakfast and lunch.

During practice and in game situations to drink during time outs or breaks in play, and to drink even in they claim they are not thirsty (since thirst is not a good indicator of hydration)

Lightning Protocol for Practices and Games:

Lightning is the most frequent weather hazard affecting athletic events. Advance planning is the single most important means to achieve lightning safety. Removing individuals from activity in the event of inclement weather is a shared responsibility of the athletic director, athletic trainer and coaching staff. The following steps are recommended:

  1. It is the athletic training/coaching/athletic staff’s responsibility to be aware of current weather conditions within the area and potential threats. Staff will then be aware of the possibility of a storm forming or moving into the area during the day.
  2. The athletic training/coaching/athletic staff should be aware of the signs of a nearby thunderstorm. It is important to understand that thunderstorms can become threatening in the matter of half an hour. In addition, lightning can occur even with the absence of rain.
  3. The athletic training/coaching/ athletic staff should also be aware of the closest safe shelter to their practice or game site and the amount of time it takes to reach the safe shelter. (Safe shelter is defined as: any sturdy building that has metal plumbing or wiring to electrically ground the structure, and in the absence of a sturdy building or any vehicle with a hard metal roof (not a golf cart or convertible) with the windows rolled up.)
  4. The flash-to-bang method should be used to monitor how close lightning is occurring. (Count the seconds between seeing the lightning flash and hearing the clap of thunder bang. Divide this number by 5 to determine how far away (in miles) the lightning is occurring. For example, 15 seconds is 3 miles away.)
  5. APS Has determined that lightning within 8 miles of games or practices requires them to be halted until such time that the all-clear has been given by the ATC/GameOfficials/Athletic Director.
  6. If the flash-to-bang count is decreasing rapidly and the storm is approaching your location or if the flash-to-bang count approaches 30 seconds (6miles), all outdoor activity must cease. All persons must immediately leave the athletic field and report to the closest safe shelter.
  7. Stay away from tall or individual tree, poles, metal objects, standing pools of water, and open fields. Avoid being the tallest object in a field.If there is no safe shelter within a reasonable distance, crouch in a dry ditch. You should crouch with only your feet touching the ground, keeping your feet close together. Wrap your arms around your legs and tuck your head. DO NOT LIE FLAT.
  8. If you feel your hair stand on end, your skin tingle, or hear crackling noises, immediately crouch as described above.
  9. Allow 30 minutes to pass after the last sound of thunder and/or flash of lightning before resuming any activity. Lightning can still flash even after the rain stops.
  10. Do not use landline telephones unless an emergency arises.

Lightning strike victims do not carry an electrical charge. CPR/AED is safe and should be utilized immediately if warranted.